Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grapes. Most wines are made from wine grapes only. Mainly three kind of grapes white, red and blue.
To make it simple we will classify wine into 5 main categories. Red, white, rose, sweet or dessert and sparkling.
Its imp to understand the basic character of wine to learn how to taste wine. Learning to identify wine characters helps to identify what you may like the most about wine. Mainly 5 characters and we explain you the importance of each.
1 Alcohol (how much does the wine warm your throat)
The average glass of wine contains around 11-13% alcohol. We intercept alcohol using many different taste receptors, which is why it can taste bitter, sweet, spicy, and oily at once. Regardless, we can all sense alcohol towards the back of our mouths in our throat as a warming sensation, wines with higher alcohol tend to taste bolder and oily, wines with lower alcohol tend to taste light bodied
2 Acidity (how tart is the wine)
Acidity in food and drinks tastes tart and zesty. Tasting acidity is also sometimes confused with alcohol.
Wines with higher acidity feel light bodied because they come across as spritzy, if you prefer a wine that is more rich and round, you enjoy slightly less acidic wines.
- Tingling sensation that focuses on the front and sides of your tongue. feels like pop rocks
3 Tannins (how bitter is your wine)
Tannin is often confused with level of dryness, because tannin dries out your mouth
Tannin in wine is the presence of phenolic compounds (found in the skins and seeds of wine grapes) that add bitterness to wine.
It is most commonly found only in red wines, although very few white wines have tannins too.
4 Sweetness (how sweet or dry (not sweet) is the wine
Our perception of sweet starts at the tip of our tongue, and the first impression of a wine is its level of sweetness.
Most sweetness in wine comes from natural grape sugars leftover after the fermentation has stopped. Wines without sweetness are called “dry “wines.
Common knowledge says sweetness is determined by grape type but actually its controlled by the wine maker.
5 Wine body (light to full-bodied wines)
Are you in the mood for a light, medium, or full-bodied wine?
Body is the result of many factors-from wine variety, where it’s from, vintage, alcohol level, and how it’s made. Body is a snapshot of the overall impression of the wine.
A vintage is simply the year the grapes were picked and when the wine was produced. But there’s much more behind understanding what each vintage means. Most wine regions make wine each year and in the modern era the year of harvest is put on the label. Wine for collectors or investors, vintage on wine really does matter.
When we say blended wine we mean wine that is made from different types of grapes or is not made from a specific grape varietal. wine makers blend grapes because it allows them, in a sense, to design a wine
There are more than 10000 varietals of wine in the world, but only a few dozen have achieved wide spread popularity.
Wine grapes are smaller, have thick skins, have lots of juice and numerous seeds per grape
The name of the wine given to the wine by the producer is usually the designation of the wine and it could be anything depending on the winemaker’s fantasy.
Appellation: it should be the legal recognized name of the wine, by legal I mean that you can use that name on the label only if you respect some rules. There are example of appellation like DOCG, DOC and so on
The most basic difference between old-world and new-world wines is geographic
Old world refers to the traditional wine growing regions of Europe, while new world refers to everything else